Pyometra in dogs: symptoms and treatment


Do you know what the canine pyrethrum is? Is your dog suffering? In this Animal Expert article we will show you what the symptoms of this disease are so you can identify it. We will also explain what the recommended treatment for the canine pyrethrum is.

This infectious disease It is not contagious and it is very common in female dogs older than 5 years old, although it can occur at any age (as long as they are sexually mature female dogs, that is, they have had a zeal) If you don't act quickly, it could seriously complicate the dog's life.

Keep reading and discover all about the canine pyrethrum along with symptoms and treatment own disease.

What is a pyrometer?

Is a uterine infection, with a cluster of great purulent material and secretions inside. Depending on whether this purulent material comes out through the vagina and vulva, the pyrometers are classified as open and closed. Logically, the closed ones are usually more serious and more difficult to diagnose.

What are the causes that give rise to a pyrometer?

There is no clear cause., but it has been proven that the moment of greatest risk is between the 6th and 8th week after finishing the heat, because at this time the cervix begins to close.

It seems that the hormonal influences of progesterone (hormone secreted by the corpus luteum of the ovary) cause cysts in the endometrium (innermost layer of the uterus) and increased secretion of mucus in the endometrium, which together with the entry of bacteria, increase considerably the risk of infection.

What are the most frequent symptoms in the pyrethrum?

The first symptoms are quite nonspecific, as would be the lack of appetite and lethargy (the dog is apathetic, off, with little response to stimuli). In the case of being an open pyrethrum, one would begin to observe the exit of a secretion between mucous and bloody by the vagina and vulva, being able even to be confused with a zeal, on the part of the proprietors.

Later the dog begins to show polyuria (increases the volume of urine, causing very long urination, and even not holding the pee) and polydipsia (greatly increases water intake).

If the disease is not diagnosed and not treated, it is triggered shock and septicemia (generalized infection), and may even cause the death of the animal. Therefore it is necessary to go to the veterinarian as soon as the owner perceives the first symptoms.

What is the recommended treatment for the pyrethrum?

It is always advisable to ovariohysterectomy (surgical castration), which would be the surgical removal of ovaries and uterus, in addition to antibiotic treatment. It is an effective treatment, as long as the infection has not generalized and the condition of the animal is adequate. In case of generalized infection, the prognosis usually gets worse.

In the case of female dogs with a high reproductive value, antibiotic treatment can be attempted, as well as drainage and washing of the uterus. The results in this treatment are usually unsatisfactory.

This article is purely informative, at we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Canine pyrometer - Symptoms and treatment, we recommend that you enter our section on bacterial diseases.

What is canine pyometra and what can cause it

Cystic endometrial hyperplasia, also called pyometra, is a hormonal disease caused by an abnormal increase in the hormone progesterone.

The pyometra it can affect the fertility of the dog, and even cause serious organic failures that can be fatal. A large number of specimens of reproductive age get to suffer from the disease at some time in their life.

He hormonal cycle of the female is directly related to the onset of the disease. And that usually occurs about 10 or 12 weeks after ovulation, mainly due to a natural elevation of progesterone that decreases uterine contractions and causes a series of changes in the endometrium.

Pyometra in dogs is sometimes related to The administration of hormonal treatments. These high levels of progesterone cause a bacterial response which results in infection of the endometrium. If you are giving hormones to your dog, keep in mind that the risks of developing this disease are very high.

Symptoms and diagnosis of pyometra in dogs

In 85% of cases, canine pyometra presents vaginal secretions with the presence of pus or blood during the period between the second and eighth week of heat.

According to the local symptoms of the animal, we can distinguish two types of pyometers:

  • Pyometra closed neck, in which the aforementioned secretions are not observed when presenting a closed cervix. It is usually accompanied by a distended abdomen. This variant is the most dangerous for the dog.
  • Pyometra open neck, in which purulent and bloody secretions are observed. They can appear sporadically or continuously.

The most common clinical signs in both cases they are dejection, dilated abdomen and anorexia, in addition to vaginal secretions and thirst. Its mere presence is usually sufficient to diagnose pyometra.

However, the veterinarian can carry out more Tests that confirm the diagnosis:

  • A abdomen x-ray It can help confirm the presence of the pyometra.
  • A blood test It allows to evaluate the leukocyte count of the animal and confirm the existence of an infectious process.
  • An ultrasound allows the veterinariandetect the presence of liquid>

Treatment and prevention of pyometra

The most common treatment of pyometra is usually the surgery. The most aggressive, but also most effective, procedure is the ovariohysterectomy, that is, removal of both the uterus and the ovaries.

This highly invasive procedure signals the end of the dog's reproductive life, but completely eliminates the chances of the disease developing. Other treatment less invasiveis thewashing of the uterus or the application of a transcervical drainage.

The administration of antibiotics and prostaglandins can also help eliminate the infection. This non-surgical approach is only effective, however, in those less serious infections..

Refering toprevention, sterilization seems to be the safest and most effective method, since the hormonal cycle linked to the reproductive life of the dog and the production of progesterone ceases completely.

We have to keep in mind that a sexually mature and active animal is more likely to suffer from the infection, so consider sterilization if you want to keep your animal free from danger.

What is Pyometra in dogs and how does it originate

Canine pyometra is an infection that occurs in the uterus after bitch heat stage. Once the heat has passed, the canine uterus undergoes various changes due to the segregation of fluids and the need to return to an original state, as well as due to the high amount of hormones called progesterone.

Sometimes small cysts form inside the uterus that can help the proliferation of bacteria, although they are not necessarily the origin of this infection.

Uterine segregations caused by the heat cycle itself can also be stored and decompose, causing the same infectious problem.

Main symptoms of canine pyometra

Since the infection occurs inside the dog's reproductive system, it is complex to detect the symptoms at first sight. There are also two types of Pyometra in dogs, open and closed.

The open pyometra allows the expulsion of bacteria, pus, fluids and other infectious components that have originated inside the uterus, giving us a clear clue that something is wrong.

But the closed Pyometra stores these fluids inside, considerably aggravating the infection and showing very few appreciable symptoms at first sight.

The main symptoms that we can observe in a dog with Piometra are:

    Expulsion of flu> Treatments and prevention of Pyometra in bitches

Due to the enormous severity of this type of infection, we do not recommend any applicable home treatment. If we suspect that our dog may have this infection, we must urgently go to the veterinarian.

It will be the veterinarian after reviewing our dog, who decides the treatment to apply. Being very common surgical intervention to remove the uterus or facilitate a means of drainage.

In addition, obviously, of an important amount of antibiotics destined to stop the Piometra and the possible septicemia.

The best preventive against this disease is the castration of our dog (emptying, not sterilization). This prevents this and many other possible infections in addition to possible tumors.

What is the canine pyrethrum?

Is a infection in the uterus, where a lot of purulent material accumulates that can go out through the vagina and vulva, which is known as an open pyrethrum, or remain inside the body. If it is treated on time, the dog can live a normal life sooner than we expect, but What are the symptoms of the pyrethrum?

  • Loss of appetite
  • Mucous and / or bloody secretion through the vagina and vulva
  • Increase in urine volume
  • Drink much more water than usual
  • Shock
  • Septicemia
  • In very serious cases, death.

How is it treated?

The best remedy against the canine pyrethrum is the castration, that is, the surgical removal of ovaries and uterus. Of course, it would only be valid in cases in which the infection has not become widespread, that is, in those in which that purulent material we talked about before leaves the uterus outwards. The prognosis for these castrated bitches is very good.

If they are animals that want to be raised, you can try an antibiotic treatment and a wash of the uterus, but it may not be enough and the veterinarian ends up opting to castrate them so that their lives are not in danger.

As we can see the canine pymeter is a disease that can be very dangerous. Let's not let it pass.