Poodle or medium poodle


Photo courtesy of: Greg Westfall

The history of this breed, as in other dog breeds, is full of controversy.

Some claim that he arrived in France, from Germany during the revolutionary wars and from there it spread to Spain, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

There are currently three countries that claim the origin of the breed: Germany, France and Russia.

Another theory states that they come from Germany, where in the Middle Ages they were used in German swamps for hunting duck, goose and other varieties of swimming birds.

He was selected for his excellent swimming skills, his adaptability to muddy terrain and his water resistance, which owes in large part to the characteristics of his mantle.

Beginning in the thirteenth century, dogs with a poodle-like appearance begin to appear in the paintings, which were also later portrayed by the best painters: Alberto Durero, Francisco de Goya and Rembrandt.

Poodles of two different sizes also appear in the literature, for example in the work "Natural History of Animals," by author George de Buffon (1749). Although its origin was established in Germany from 1945, where it was known as "Pudelhund", the word "Pudel" (cognate with the English word "puddle"), is a verb that has an etymological origin derived from the Bass German which means splashing, and the word Hund in German means "dog" (cognate with "dog").

Some consider that France was the original homeland of this breed, where it also obtained the standard for the first time and was routinely used as a retriever. During the decade of the 60s the poodle became fashionable. At that same time Professor Wilhelm Wegner referred to the intense work of cosmetization of the poodle, whose masters even dyed their hair to match their own hair.

The poodle was destined during the Middle Ages to hunt waterfowl such as the duck or goose, so that its breeders selected it for characteristics such as its adaptability to the muddy terrain and its water resistance, which makes this breed, along with others are called water dogs.

From the 16th century, the poodles began to acquire a deserved fame thanks to their beauty and intelligence, especially because thanks to their abilities to perform balances and their quick intelligence they were employed in circus shows. This breed was also portrayed in the works of art by various authors such as Alberto Durero and Francisco de Goya. In the time of Louis XVI of France, his presence in the French court was already very common.

Due to some fashion changes in terms of its appearance during the nineteenth century, the protection of the fur that until then had the function of protecting it from hypothermia was disregarded, and stylists began to create various special cuts for the breed, such as the British Montano and the Continental Court. The custom also began at that time to amputate the tail of newborn poodles.

On the European continent the poodle was known long before his arrival in England and Alberto Durero's paintings established the popular image of the breed in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It was the most important pet in the late eighteenth century in Spain, as shown by the depictions of the great painter Francisco de Goya.

At the same time in the Court of King Louis XVI, toy poodles had become the favorite and pampered breed of the French nobility.

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According to the American Kennel Club the Standard Poodle (Giant) is the oldest variety of all, and from this, the size was reduced by selective breeding.

However, and despite the fact that the Giant Poodle is the oldest of all, some evidence shows that smaller sizes were developed for a short period of time later.

The smallest variety of the breed, the Toy size, was developed in England in the 18th century.

Poodles are hunting collector dogs, also called "feather collectors" in some places and still perform the same functions for hunters.

The poodle's coat has special characteristics, is resistant to moisture, which is very useful and helps swimming. All the ancestors of the poodle have been excellent swimmers, although one of the varieties of the poodle, the “truffle dog” (possibly a toy or miniature size), never entered the water.

The "truffle hunting" or collection of truffles has been widely practiced in England by truffles who were helped by their dogs, and later this habit extended to Spain and Germany, where the truffles have always been considered as a "delicatessen".

For this type of activities it was more practical to use smaller dogs, since these did not spoil the truffles with their footsteps. It is rumored that some terrier have been crossed with the poodle to get a perfect truffle picker.

Working dogs in World War II

Thanks to the versatility and intelligence of the Poodle, it was also used as a working dog for the military industry at least since the 17th century. During World War II, Roland Kilbon, a journalist for the New York Sun newspaper, wrote that several countries had used these dogs in their armies for many years.

In his column, he cited Ms. Milton S. (Arlene) Erlanger, owner of the Pillicoc hatchery, an important breeder of poodles "" The dog should play an important role in this matter. "

Eventually, with the blessing of the American Kennel Club, the Association of Professional Merchants, obedience training clubs that had subsidiaries throughout the country, and Seeing Eye, a national program known as "Dogs for Defense" this breeder became in the official provider of war dogs for the US Navy, Navy and Coast Guard.

Dogs for Defense selected the dogs that should be trained by the army. In 1942, the poodle was admitted as one of the 32 dog breeds officially classified as war dogs by the US Navy.

The different sizes of the Poodle

Photo courtesy of: Fernanda Cerioni

This is one of the few dog breeds with more variety of sizes, since the vast majority of breeds only admit one size (at most, two), differences due to their height at the cross and weight.

The exact height limit between the different sizes shows a slight variation by country.

The International Cynological Federation (FCI) recognizes 4 sizes of Poodle: standard, medium, miniature and toy.

Canine clubs that are not attached to the FCI, on the other hand, only recognize 3 sizes: standard, miniature and toy, sometimes as sizes of the same breed, and sometimes as a separate breed. Only the FCI describes the maximum sizes for standard poodles.

France is the responsible country (sponsor) of the breed in the FCI and in that country, puppies of all sizes are on the same list. The terms "Royal Standar", "Teacup", and "Tiny Teacup" are marketing names and are not recognized by any relevant dog club.

Bibliography in Spanish

Marcia A. Foy: Poodle (New Guide Dogs of Breed). EUROPEAN HISPANIC EDITORIAL. Preview: Google.Books
Pierre Dib: Practical Manual of the Poodle. EUROPEAN HISPANIC EDITORIAL. Preview: Google.Books

S. Meyer Clark: Poodle. EUROPEAN HISPANIC EDITORIAL. Preview: Google Books

Physical characteristics of the Poodle (according to the FCI standard)

Photo courtesy of: Greg Westfall

Size and weight of the four sizes:

  • The Toy Poodle: from 24 to 28 cm and weighs about 2.5 kg. It has a body of square structure and harmonic forms.
  • The Dwarf Poodle: from 28 to 35 cm and weighs about 4 kg. It has a body of square structure and harmonic forms.
  • The Medium Poodle: It has a height of about 35 to 45 cm high and weighs about 15 kg.
  • The giant poodle (standard): 45 to 48 cm and up to 22 kg.
  • Fur and color: With thick, woolly, rough and loose hair, with its characteristic hairstyle. Black, white, gray, intense brown, silver and peach (almost always unique colors, without mixing).
  • Poodle with curly hair: abundant hair, fine texture, woolly, well curly, elastic and resistant to hand pressure. It must be dense, very abundant, of uniform length, forming regular loops.
    • Hair Poodle in the form of tufts: Abundant hair, fine texture, woolly and tight. Form characteristic strings that must measure at least 20 cm.
  • Appearance: It is a very vital and cheerful dog, with a proud and elegant way of walking.
  • Life expectancy: over 12 years
  • French Poodle Club
  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 9: Company dogs. Section 2: Poodle. No proof of work.
  • The official standard of the Toy, Medium and Large Poodle can be downloaded directly from the International Cynological Federation in Spanish and in Word (doc) format here.
  • Classification according to the ranking of functional intelligence and obedience of Dr. Stanley Coren: The Poodle is positioned in position 2.
  • to) The 10 races with the highest functional intelligence and obedience.
    b) Less than five exercises to understand new commands.
    C) Ability to remember without having to practice the tests repeatedly.
    d) They respond to the first order at least 95% of the time.
    and) They have a quick response even at a certain distance.
    F) They learn correctly by being trained by relatively inexperienced trainers.
  • Ranking of dogs registered in the year 2012 at the American Kennel Club (USA): The Poodle was that year in the position number 8 on a total of 175 registered races in the same year, indicating that it is currently very popular.
  • Poodle History

    This is one of the many french dog breeds, although its origin is uncertain and controversial. It is thought that the ancestor that most influenced the modern poodle was the barbet, a spaniel that was widespread in Europe and especially in Germany.

    Before the 16th century, the poodle and its ancestor were used as water dogs. That is, they charged or recovered the dejected dams. Therefore, it is thought that its English name "poodle" derives from the German word "pudel" which means splashing. In France, these dogs were known as "poodle" or "chien canard", both names referring to the usefulness of the breed to collect ducks and other waterfowl.

    It is from the 16th century that poodles begin to gain popularity as companion dogs, and they become very frequent in European courts and especially in the French. Its great intelligence and elegance made this breed one of the most popular in history. Some authors speculate that modern haircuts were used to care for limb dogs, while giving them more freedom in the water, but those cuts appear only when the poodle becomes a companion dog. Currently, poodle dogs are excellent pets, whatever the variety they belong to, and they are also very popular dogs at dog shows.

    Poodle Characteristics

    The body of these dogs is proportionate and slightly longer than tall. The back is short and the height of the crest of the rump is equal to the height at the cross, so the top line is horizontal. The loin is strong and muscular while the chest is oval and wide.

    The head is rectilinear and has a distinguished air. Well molded, it is not solid but it is not excessively delicate either. The naso-frontal depression is poorly marked and the nose is black in black, white and gray dogs, but brown in brown dogs, and in lioness poodles it can be black or brown. The eyes are almond shaped and very expressive. They must be dark. They can be dark amber in brown dogs, but for dogs of other colors, the eyes must be black or dark brown. The ears, flat, long and covered with wavy fur, fall along the cheeks.

    The poodle's tail is very high and traditionally amputated in newborn puppies. Unfortunately, this cruel custom is still in force in many places and the FCI continues to accept poodle dogs with tails cut in a third or half its natural length. But on the other hand, and fortunately, the custom of amputating dogs for "aesthetic" reasons is declining throughout the world.

    The fur of the poodle is abundant, fine and woolly texture. It can be curly or tufted. He curly, well curly and elastic hair It is the best known, and is usually cut typically for the breed. The hair in the form of tufts forms characteristic ropes that hang.

    The poodles are single color, which can be: black, white, brown, gray, orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn. According to the official FCI standard, the heights for the different varieties are as follows:

    • Big poodle - 45 to 60 centimeters at the cross.
    • Medium poodle - 35 to 45 centimeters at the cross.
    • Dwarf poodle - 28 to 35 centimeters at the cross.
    • Poodle toy 24 to 28 centimeters at the cross.

    The FCI standard does not indicate an ideal weight for these varieties, but these dogs tend to be lighter than other breeds of similar sizes.

    Poodle Character

    Generally speaking, poodles are dogs very intelligent, faithful, cheerful and playful. In fact, they are considered one of the five smartest dogs in the world. They learn very easily and love to run, swim and collect things with their mouths (they are good collectors). The two largest varieties are usually a little quieter than the two smaller varieties.

    Although poodle dogs stand out in many disciplines, it is perhaps being pets that perform best. They are ideal for families and people who have dogs for the first time, being the best ones for novice owners. Of course, although they do not require extreme exercise, they are not good pets for very sedentary people. When they are well socialized, they tend to get along very well with children.

    Poodle hair tends to get tangled easily, so it is recommended brush it two to three times a week When it comes to pet dogs. On the other hand, when it comes to exhibition dogs, with the corresponding cut, daily brushing is advisable. If you want to keep the haircut, it is necessary to take the dog to your canine hairdresser every month or every month and a half, which is also the frequency with which the bath is advised for this breed. One of the great advantages of these dogs is that they hardly lose hair, so they are excellent pets for people allergic to dogs.

    Like many other dog breeds, but all, the poodle they need a lot of company and they are not dogs to live isolated in a garden or in a patio since otherwise they may suffer separation anxiety. They can adapt very well to life in large cities and live very comfortable in an apartment whenever they go out to walk at least twice a day. Those of the large variety can also adapt very well to country life.

    Of course, poodle dogs also need to do daily exercise. Their exercise needs are not as high as shepherd dogs, but they do require at least moderate exercise. In addition to the daily walks, the collection games (pick up the ball) and tug of war are very good for channeling the energies of these dogs. It is also good that, as far as possible, they practice canine agility or freestyle even if it is not competitively.

    Poodle Education

    As adults, these dogs can be reserved with strangers, so it is important to socialize them well from puppies. However, they are not usually aggressive and tend to get along, or at least tolerate in a good way, strangers and other dogs. For their past hunter they have a very developed impulse of prey, so it is a good idea to socialize your poodle dog from an early age, to avoid problems with small pets.

    By their great intelligence, poodles are very dogs easy to train and they stand out in any form of canine training whenever we use positive reinforcement as the basis of their education.

    Although they are generally not conflictive, poodles can also present certain behavioral problems. When they do not receive adequate physical and mental stimuli, these dogs get bored and can become barking and / or destroyers. In addition, those of small varieties have a tendency to bark excessively.

    Being such intelligent dogs, it will be very important to pay attention to practicing basic obedience on a regular basis, taking between 5 and 10 minutes a day at most. In this way, we will not only be promoting a good response in the dog, we will help you in your safety and improve our communication with him. Finally and so that they do not get bored, it will be useful to teach fun tricks, practice with varied intelligence games and try stimulate both mentally and physically. Field visits, repetitions of obedience and the use of different stimuli and toys will make you truly happy.

    Poodle Health

    Although the poodle tends to be a healthy dog ​​in generalThere are some diseases that are common in this breed. These diseases include sebaceous adenitis, gastric torsion and Addison's disease. Less frequently, cataracts, hip dysplasia and epilepsy.

    However, if we follow its vaccination schedule and offer good care, the poodle will enjoy good health. It will also be important visit the vet every 6 months To quickly detect any disease.

    Finally we remember that it is essential to deworm our dog externally monthly and internally every three months. If we follow these guidelines, our poodle will stay away from all kinds of parasites.

    Psychology and staff> poodle

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    It is a friendly dog ​​and easy treatment. He is very affectionate and eager to interact with people and learn. He is always happy and willing to do everything.

    According to writer Richard Katz, deep down the poodle is a mixture of clown, angel and devil.

    They are extremely intelligent dogs, so they are easy to educate and can also be taught to perform complicated artistic exercises.

    In the ranking of canine intelligence prepared by the psychologist and dog trainer, Stanley Coren are in second place, just below the Border Collie.

    He is not usually interested in other dogs, mainly, he is interested in being among people. It is a dog that needs a lot of attention, and performs perfectly the work of guard dog, especially the Giant Poodle.

    Health and diseases of the Poodle

    Photo courtesy of: Greg Westfall

    Typical diseases: in dwarf poodles there is a tendency to lick their legs, tonsillitis, urinary tract stones, meniscus dislocation.

    Although the poodle tends to be a healthy dog ​​in general, there are some diseases that are common in this breed.

    • In large and medium poodle: sebaceous adenitis, gastric torsion, Addison's disease. Less frequently, cataracts, hip dysplasia and epilepsy.
    • In dwarf poodle and toy: sebaceous adenitis, progressive retinal atrophy, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, patellar dislocation and epilepsy. In less frequency: trichiasis, entropion, cataracts, glaucoma and dystiquiasis.

    It is a very robust animal, so it has no special predisposition for any particular disease. As companion dogs, Poodles have gone through a very intense selection.

    Consequently, this race is usually very resistant. However, like any dog, they can be prone to genetic and eye diseases.

    Poodle surveys in the United Kingdom, Denmark and the USA / Canada show that the average life expectancy is 11.5 to 12 years. In a study by the Kennel Club in the United Kingdom, the most common causes of death were: cancer (30%), old age (18%), and heart disease (5%).

    In British polls, miniature Poodles had an average life expectancy of 14 to 14.5 years. In miniatures the main cause of death was: old age (39%). In the Toy, the main cause of death was: old age (25%), and renal failure (20%).

    Some Toy Poodles can live up to 20 years, if they have a healthy life and are not overweight. The oldest miniature poodle with documentary evidence, was Uncle Chichi, who lived until he was 26 years old.

    Congenital diseases of the breed have been classified according to different sizes by the University of Prince Edward Island:

    Diseases of the Dwarf Poodle: Read more here

    Giant Poodle Diseases (Standard): Read more here

    Toy Poodle Diseases: Read more here

    Suitable for…

    Photo courtesy of: Greg Westfall

    The Poodle is a dog suitable for people who live alone, as well as for families with children who want to have an intelligent, applied dog that learns quickly.

    As with most dog breeds, the poodle needs a lot of human companionship, and they are not suitable dogs to live in isolation in a garden or in a yard.

    They adapt very well to life in large cities and are very comfortable in a small-sized house, on condition that they go for a walk at least twice a day. The Giant Poodle also adapts perfectly to rural life.

    It is not necessary to take long walks to avoid that with your great energy, do things you do not want like barking or biting objects. Just teach him to do some tricks in the living room of your house: hide his favorite bauble and tell him to look for it, make him jump inside a hoop of those to do gymnastics, teach him to store his toys inside his little box and talk to him a lot .

    The owners of this breed say they understand the complete sentences, not just the loose words. This breed reacts especially to the intonation of our voice, so it will not be necessary to quarrel much since it understands things the first or second time they are taught and perfectly understands our tone of voice and mood.

    Of course, poodle dogs also need to exercise daily. Their exercise needs are not as high as those of hunting dogs or shepherd dogs, but they do require a minimum of moderate exercise.

    In addition to the daily walks, the collection games (pick up the ball) and tug of war are very good for channeling the energy of these dogs. It is also good that, as far as possible, they practice canine obedience, agility or canine freestyle exercises, even if they do not have to participate in competitions.

    Not suitable for ...

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    Dominant, impatient or nervous people. Or too demanding to believe that education is synonymous with "dressage."

    They do not need extreme physical exercises, but they do need to go for a walk at least a couple of times a day.

    That not only provides them with physical activity, but also socialization and mental stimuli.

    In addition, they need to be accompanied for much of the day.

    They are not dogs to leave in the garden, but they have to live inside the house, even those of the large variety.

    Although poodle dogs stand out in many disciplines, it is perhaps being pets that perform best. They are ideal for families and people who have dogs for the first time, being the best ones for novice owners. Of course, although they do not require extreme exercise, they are not good pets for very sedentary people. When they are well socialized, they tend to get along very well with children.